islPAL - International Society for Leadership in Pedagogy and Learning

Pedagogies and Learning

Art Costa

Professor Arthur (Art) Costa is an Emeritus Professor of Education at California University, Sacramento, and Co-Director of the Institute for Intelligent Behavior in El Dorado Hills, California. He has served as a classroom teacher, a curriculum consultant, and an assistant superintendent for instruction and as the director of educational programs for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

He has made presentations and conducted workshops in all 50 states as well as Mexico, Central and South America,Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Africa, Europe, Asia and the Islands of the South Pacific.

Costa has written many books, including Techniques for Teaching Thinking (with Larry Lowery),The School as a Home for the Mind, and Cognitive Coaching: A Foundation for Renaissance School (with Robert Garmston). He is editor of Developing Minds: A Resource Book for Teaching Thinking, co-editor (with Rosemarie Liebmann) of The Process as Content Trilogy: Envisioning Process as Content, Supporting the Spirit of Learning, and The Process Centered School. Active in many professional organisations, Costa served as president of the California Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development and was the National President of Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1988 to 1989.

To learn more about Art Costa and Habits of Mind visit the following websites:


Keynote Abstract

Habits of Mind for the 21st Century

What mental capabilities will be needed to live productively throughout the 21st Century and into the 22nd Century? Are these capacities different from those needed to live and learn productively today? In this session the attributes of successful, creative people from many walks of life will be identified with implications for learning to be successful today.

See the list of Habits of Mind


1. Listening with Understanding and Empathy. Sometimes we say that we are listening when actually we are rehearsing in our head what we will say when our partner is finished. This workshop will provide an opportunity to learn about anf practice three skills of the skilful listener.

2. Assessing the Quality of Your Classroom Questions. Teachers ask a lot of questions. This workshop will help us become aware of the questions we are asking and to compose questions deliberately intended to engage and transform the thinking of others. As a result, you will be able to monitor your own and eliminate "unproductive" questions and more skilfully compose questions that include positive presuppositions and that invite complex cognition.